## FEA Design Tips #001

Hey People!

I’ve recently started posting FEA Design Insights on my LinkedIn profile as well as in the Facebook group (where some awesome discussions happen). I figured I will make a roundup with the best (and most interesting) tips here… just so they will be there where you need them!

You can also check the video version on my YouTube Channel!

#### Averaged vs Non-averaged stresses!

This is an important thing for sure. I’ve made this post, as I was finishing the averaging topic for the FEA course. Let me pull a small example from there really quick!

Nice and smooth average on the left, and unaveraged outcomes on the right!

Those are of course the most basic ways of displaying stresses (there are actually more options in most software). Take a look at how stress distribution changes. This can show you if the mesh is too coarse for instance. If the difference between stress levels in adjacent elements are unacceptable… it’s time for a mesh refinement!

#### Benchmarks!

In many talks, I have heard from you all that verification and confidence in outcomes are major issues in FEA. I completely get that! This is why benchmarking is so useful. You can solve a problem you already know the answer to… just to check if you know how to solve that problem! Sadly, it’s hard to find good resources. Luckily FEA Guild members came up with some cool references:

• First idea is from Antti about magnetics in FEA… don’t look at me like that – there is such a thing. Just check Anttis blog! Anyway, if you are in magnetics search for so-called TEAM Workshop benchmark problems 🙂
• Antonio suggested that using excercise books make sense. He also uses various software to solve the same problem (to see if the outcomes are the same).
• Krzysztof pointed out that the “strength of materials” books are great, as they contain a lot of solutions! Timeshenko is the top pick!
• I would add Nafems Benchmark Books, but they are crazy expensieve. Luckily you can get access to Benchmark Challanges done for Nafems by Angus Ramsay on his website!

#### Infinity in FEA…

This one is connected with a funny story.

I was designing a pipeline, and heaving incredibly rigid support between DN1000 pipe and a concrete slab (pipe was 100mm above the concrete) I assumed that this support was “infinitely rigid”.

When I added the actual cross section (it was welded from 20-30mm plates, pretty complex and rigid shape) thermal expansion forces dramatically changed! All the pipe needed, was to deform this “precious” 0.1mm! Infinitely rigid element just couldn’t provide that, but a “very, very but not infinitely” rigid support could!

The good thing is that I’ve learned this before we shipped it!

#### Learn the difficult things the smart way!

To this one I added a small story of mine (as I try to do from time to time):

I was doing contact for the first time, but I figured I will do it easily. So I tried several times in the big model that I was doing (of course with nonlinear analysis and all the jazz). Computing took an hour each time… and each time there was something off!

I wasted a day before I gave up, and make a very simple model with 2 plates. Computing took less than a minute and in several tries, I figured out how things work…

I was a bit afraid that it’s only me who make such mistakes… but luckily comments said that I’m not. I’m not sure if this was a relief, but at least I don’t feel so bad about myself. And you shouldn’t either if you are guilty of this! Just remember:

Trying on big models first will waste a LOT of your time!

#### Do you really need FEA?

What I really love about you guys is that when we hang out (even if only in an FB group!) it’s impossible not to have good ideas! This one came from my discussion with Barmin in the previous tip. The idea is simple…

Sometimes I do a complex FEA analysis simply because I can. Even, if there are quicker ways to solve stuff… or the outcomes aren’t really needed at all!

I guess this is partly because I simply enjoy doing FEA, but I guess that in times I’m too lazy to think if I really need to do this.

As my math teacher used to say: “people rather work for 1 hour than think for 5 minutes!”

But as Aleksei pointed:

And that is true, at least to some degree. Just remember kids “rainbow = job well done!”

#### That’s it for today : )

I hope you like it. Let me know in the comments what do you think about posts like that. And… if you want to hand out – join our FEA community (it’s fun!).

Without a doubt, advice in FEA Design Tips will be about a lot of different stuff. If you prefer a bit more “organized” learning try a free online course I’ve created!