Web under local loads – Nonlinear FEA
The more complex a problem is, and the higher the accuracy needed, the more it makes sense to employ Nonlinear FEA. Will it make sense to use it in solving local web loads? Let’s find out!8 February 2021
In this post, I present a method allowing us to read an outcome from a rising stability path obtained from MNA. This method is called “modified Southwell plot” and was published by prof. Rotter. If you ever had problems in estimating plastic capacity this is a must-read!
So last week we have made an MNA analysis and obtained such a stability path:
It is easy to see that the stability path is constantly rising, which theoretically means that the capacity was not exceeded. However this is not true, and care should be taken when analyzing such cases. The easiest way to deal with such problems is to use a modified Southwell plot method. According to that method, you should change how you plot the outcomes, and on the horizontal axis Load multiplier divided by deformations should be used instead of pure deformations. This change leads to the following outcome:
On the right, the vertical part of the chart is in the elastic region, and the inclined line represents the plastic region. If you would continue the analysis further the inclined line actually would rise again into the vertical direction (on the left of the chart). I actually did the analysis from the previous example once more with many more steps and the chart then looks like this:
The outcome is hidden in the inclined part of the chart: you should isolate it firstly and make a linear prediction on where the chart would cross the “0” point on the horizontal axis (linear estimation available in excel is exactly what you need).
Since this part equation is y = -0,201x + 0,963 (excel have a function to predict this), the chart will cross x = 0 in 0,963. This means that the plastic collapse is reached with load multiplier 0,963.
Reading the plastic capacity is a difficult task, and this method was proven for only some cases, but this is the best method I have encountered so far. To be honest whenever I encounter a problem like that even though I use this method if the obtained capacity is much higher than the “start of the bend” on the stability path I reduce the capacity obtained from the modified Southwell plot just in case. Luckily in silos where I use numerical design typical plastic collapse is rarely defining for the problem, and other analyses do not suffer from such problems in most cases.
I hope you find this helpful. If you have any questions feel free to ask them in the comments.
Have a good one!
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