## Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis: Complete Beginners Guide

There is no doubt in my mind that Finite Element Analysis (FEA) is the cornerstone of my career. I attribute most of my career successes to both engineering and FEA knowledge. However, when I started, I really hated FEA... it was an intimidating thing I had to do for my Ph.D... and I almost exclusively [...]

Fundamentals of Finite Element Analysis: Complete Beginners Guide

## What is Buckling Analysis

I remember well when I first tried to understand buckling. For whatever reason, this was not natural for me. There were so many equations, that didn't make any sense back then! But it's way easier to understand stability thanks to FEA. To go there, we need to find a good answer to a question: what [...]

What is Buckling Analysis

## Can You do Finite Element Analysis by Hand?

It's the beginning of 2009. I'm sitting in one of the lectures of my Ph.D. program. Finally, we will start to learn about Finite Element Method! My company is slowly developing, and I'm really hopeful that this will allow me to spread my wings! And then professor says: "let's start with basic matrix operations"... You [...]

Can You do Finite Element Analysis by Hand?

## How to Interpret FEA Results?

Interpreting analysis outcomes is not simple. Even if you already have proper values from your FEA analysis, still you need to decide how to interpret FEA results. Let's take a closer look at how to approach this task! Firstly let's wonder how to interpret FEA results? In structural design, you have to perform several checks. Firstly, [...]

How to Interpret FEA Results?

## Design for stress, strain or rigidity?

This topic was on my mind (and on my to-write list) for a very long time. Finally, I had the time to organize what I want to write about it in my head. I wonder what is your take on this matter - be sure to leave a comment below! What does it mean to [...]

Design for stress, strain or rigidity?

I got a really interesting question on my email from Fateme. I wanted to address this issue so many times now, so finally there is a great occasion to do this! In Abaqus, can we review the capability of a structural member? Whether or not it can bear the load like: shear, bending, twisting, axial [...]

## Buckling length in sway and non-sway structures

One of the few difficult things about buckling lengths is, that you need to know if your structure is a "sway" structure or a "non-sway" structure. Commonly the simple check is made with displacements, but unfortunately, it may lead to serious mistakes! Why should you care about sway and non-sway system Firstly, I want to [...]

Buckling length in sway and non-sway structures

## [Q&A #1] Career in nonlinear FEA and stability of a complex structure

Since I announced Q&A column on my blog I got several great questions so far. I will try to answer as many of them as possible at the end of each month. If you have sent me a question and you didn't find an answer here no worries! I store all of them and I [...]

[Q&A #1] Career in nonlinear FEA and stability of a complex structure

## Buckling length basics

I'm preparing materials for another training about stability and I figured I have never written anything about frame stability on the blog! It's high time, so I decided to make a small roundup of methods on calculating buckling length in a frame system. Buckling length - do I need it? Let's start with the obvious: [...]

Buckling length basics

## Design your silos with FEA – it pays!

Designing steel silos with analytical approach always yields very conservative results. Nonlinear Finite Element Method allow for great optimization of those structures (and other shell structures as well!). I will discuss this based on a silo I have recently designed. […]

Design your silos with FEA – it pays!

## Connection rigidity: 5 things you need to know!

Most engineers use a popular approach: connection is either a hinge or a rigid one. This is usually not the case. Just as with many other engineering problems in certain cases we simplify the reality by assuming perfect conditions (i.e. hinge). It is crucial to understand when such assumptions are incorrect, as this may lead [...]

Connection rigidity: 5 things you need to know!

## Imperfections in buckling design

Using deformations from linear buckling as imperfections in nonlinear buckling case is the most common approach. I will use a simple example to prove that this is not always the best idea. Proper selection of imperfections is a very complicated process – I hope to shed some light on this matter. […]

Imperfections in buckling design

## Nonlinear buckling explained simply

Nonlinear buckling is a really interesting analysis. It gives you enormous possibilities, at only a few minutes worth of work. At the start, it might be frustrating to set it up (there is a learning curve involved), but in the end, it is a default engineering tool for me right now! Possibilities are limitless! [...]

Nonlinear buckling explained simply

## Linear buckling in plain language!

Buckling is a dangerous phenomenon. It can lead to catastrophic failure of a structure, even if stresses are far smaller than yield limit. You can use linear buckling analysis to verify structural stability. In this post, I will discuss positive aspects and limitations of linear buckling. […]

Linear buckling in plain language!

## Connection rigidity: when it really matters?

Connection rigidity is important in many structural solutions. However taking it into account requires time, the time we usually don’t have. I share here my views on when connection rigidity is important, and when can it be ignored. […]

Connection rigidity: when it really matters?

## Slippage in bolted connections

Slippage in connections is often neglected in the design of steel structures. I have seen its importance when I was working in the team investigating the structural failure. Just as easily I could learn about it when it was my design under investigation! It is incredible how easy it is to discard slippage from calculations, [...]

Slippage in bolted connections

## Connection rigidity impact on static design

This is the third post about the rigidity of the connections in steel structures. Since we already have discussed what a hinge actually is, and how to calculate the connection rigidity, it is time to discuss how this all fits into the static design. It is also important to discuss the impact of connection rigidity [...]

Connection rigidity impact on static design

## How to calculate connection rigidity

In last post, we have learned how to check if the connection is a real hinge. Today we will treat our joint between steel members as semi-rigid and we will calculate connection rigidity. This is a very useful tool. It can be used to make an even more accurate design if necessary. If you ever [...]

How to calculate connection rigidity

## How to check if a connection is a hinge

In the first workshop for students in WrUT organized by Enterfea and Dlubal, a problem of rigidity of the connections in steel structures was presented and discussed. I had a pleasure to teach there with Ola Kociołek (CEO of Dlubal Poland). Have you ever wondered how to be sure that your connection is a hinge? [...]

How to check if a connection is a hinge

## One of the best talks I have ever had and my presentation on ICMS 2016

Today I will post about something a little bit different. I had an opportunity to be at International Conference on Metal Structures (ICMS 2016). It was a 3-day event gathering scientists and practitioners from all around the world to discuss new trends and ideas in steel structures. I had a privilege to have 2 presentations [...]

One of the best talks I have ever had and my presentation on ICMS 2016